Germany’s Energy Transition in Practice






Last June 5 to 10, 2014, Psychology Volunteers on Bikes External Relations Officer Monica Manluluyo attended the 2014 International Student Conference on Environment and Sustainability. The 6-day conference was held in Tongji University, Shanghai, China where experts on environment, energy, urban development and economy discussed regional and global ecological civilization and green development in the new age together with participants around the world.

SimonSimon Goess studies Sustainable Energy Technology (M.Sc.) at TU Delft. His education has focused on sustainable resource management and has been inspired by Germany’s “Energy Transition”. He explained Germany’s energy transition during the 2014 International Student Conference on Environment and Sustainability: Symposium on Energy Transition and Climate Change held last June 5, 2014 at Tongji University, Shanghai, China.

Germany is the 7th largest consumer of electricity in the world, and around 60% of its primary energy is being imported. The share of renewable energy in their primary energy consumption is 12%, and approximately 24 to 25% in their total electricity generation. By 2020, they aim to include 18% of RE in their consumption and 35% in generation. By 2050, the goal is to raise 18% to 60% and 35% to 80%.

Renewable energy is the democratizing of energy production, yet 35% of the renewable energy sources in Germany are owned by individuals in the private sector, 14% by developers, 14% by industries, 13% by banks, 11% by farmers, 7% by other energy companies and 1% by others. Furthermore, more than 75% of the RE sources are owned by individuals in the private sector and Small and Medium Enterprises.